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Seven Oaks School Division
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Oct 29, 2020
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Manitoba 150: Think Historically
Provocation 3 -- 1907 St. Peter's Band Removal

When analyzing historical events, people, or movements, historians need to imagine what it must have been like to live through an experience and the different historical perspectives that existed. Historians also make judgments about the events and people in the past they think are significant. 

In 1907, the people of St.Peter’s were removed from their land near Selkirk, Manitoba, and moved by the federal government to what is now Peguis First Nation. 

For background about the St. Peter’s Band Removal consider the following sources: 
  1. The personal story of Cynthia Bird, a Cree woman from Peguis First Nation:
    https://indigenouspeoplesatlasofcanada.ca/article/forced-population-movements/
  2. A 1989 article from the Manitoba Historical Society “St. Peter’s and the Interpretation of the Agriculture of Manitoba’s Aboriginal People” written by Dr. Sarah Carter
    http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/mb_history/18/manitobaaboriginalagriculture.shtml 
  3. Watch the explanation of the history of the St. Peter’s Band Removal by scholar Dr. Niigaan Sinclair:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cnubF8tLJ4s

Activity 1

Analyze this article from the Manitoba Free Press in 1911 that discusses the St. Peter’s band removal. This newspaper article shows that some people considered the removal at St. Peter’s unjust in 1911. Does our view of history change if we recognize the ways that people thought about things like colonialism and slavery at the time? Who agreed or disagreed with the removal?
​Activity 2
Given that there are no historical commemorations that describe the forced removal of Cree and Ojibwa people from St. Peter's, use the evidence provided and any additional evidence to create a plaque about the St. Peter's "surrender" to be submitted to the Historic Sites Advisory Board of Manitoba. 
Here's an example of students from Seven Oaks School Division who wanted to commemorate a plaque and monument based on their school name and local history: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/winnipeg-breaks-ground-on-revamp-of-battle-of-seven-oaks-monument-1.3062535
Other possible teacher prompts:
Compare the removal of Indigenous peoples at St. Peter's to land removals nationally and globally. What's different? What's the same? Why might some call what happened at St. Peter's "ethnic cleansing"?
Are there any other examples of Indigenous peoples being removed from lands in Manitoba today? What would a map of Manitoba look like without these removals? 
When Indigenous peoples are displaced from their lands due to flooding from hydro-electric dams (like the Sayisi Dene or Chemawawin Cree or have their resources taken from them (like Shoal Lake 40)) is this a type of "removal" from their lands? Why or why not?

​​Teachers: please send responses to manitoba150@7oaks.org by March 18th!

Version française
Manitoba 150 : Penser comme un historien

Provocation no. 2 - â€‹Le dĂ©placement forcĂ© de la rĂ©serve de St. Peter en 1907

Lorsqu’ils analysent des Ă©vĂ©nements historiques, des personnes, ou des mouvements, les historiens doivent imaginer ce que cela a dĂ» ĂȘtre de vivre Ă  travers une expĂ©rience et les diffĂ©rentes perspectives historiques qui existaient. Les historiens se prononcent Ă©galement sur les Ă©vĂ©nements et les personnes qu’ils jugent importants.

En 1907, les habitants de Saint-Pierre ont Ă©tĂ© retirĂ©s de leurs terres prĂšs de Selkirk, au Manitoba, et dĂ©placĂ©s par le gouvernement fĂ©dĂ©ral vers ce qui est maintenant la premiĂšre nation de Peguis. 

Pour de plus amples renseignements sur le retrait de la bande de Saint-Pierre, veuillez consulter les sources suivantes: 

  1. L’histoire personnelle de Cynthia Bird, une Crie de la Premiùre Nation de Peguis : https://indigenouspeoplesatlasofcanada.ca/article/forced-population-movements/
  2. Un article de 1989 de la SociĂ©tĂ© historique du Manitoba intitulĂ© “St. Peter’s and the Interpretation of the Agriculture of Manitoba’s Aboriginal People” par Sarah Carter: 
    ​http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/mb_history/18/manitobaaboriginalagriculture.shtml
  3. Regardez l’explication de l'histoire du retrait de la bande de Saint-Pierre par le professeur Niigaan Sinclair: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cnubF8tLJ4s

Activité 1

​​Analysez cet article du Manitoba Free Press de 1911 qui traite du retrait de la bande de Saint-Pierre. Cet article de journal montre que certaines personnes considĂšrent le renvoi Ă  Saint-Pierre injuste en 1911. Notre vision de l’histoire change-t-elle si nous reconnaissons la façon dont les gens pensaient Ă  des choses comme le colonialisme et l’esclavage Ă  l’époque? Qui Ă©tait d’accord ou non avec le renvoi?

Activité 2

Étant donnĂ© qu’il n’y a pas de commĂ©morations historiques qui dĂ©crivent le renvoi forcĂ© des Cris et des OjibwĂ©s de Saint-Pierre, utilisez la preuve fournie et toute autre preuve pour crĂ©er une plaque au sujet de la « cession » de Saint-Pierre Ă  soumettre au Conseil consultatif des lieux historiques du Manitoba. 

Voici un exemple d’élĂšves de la Division Scolaire de Seven Oaks qui voulaient commĂ©morer une plaque et monument fondĂ© sur le nom de l’école et l’histoire locale : https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/winnipeg-breaks-ground-on-revamp-of-battle-of-seven-oaks-monument-1.3062535

Autres suggestions possibles de l’enseignant:

​Comparez le retrait des peuples autochtones Ă  Saint-Pierre aux prĂ©lĂšvements de terres Ă  l’échelle nationale et mondiale. Qu’est-ce qui est diffĂ©rent? Qu’est-ce qui est identique? Pourquoi pourrait-on appeler ce qui s’est passĂ© Ă  Saint-Pierre "nettoyage ethnique"?
​​
Y a-t-il d’autres exemples de peuples autochtones qui sont retirĂ©s des terres du Manitoba aujourd’hui? À quoi ressemblerait une carte du Manitoba sans ces renvois? 
 

Lorsque les peuples autochtones sont dĂ©placĂ©s de leurs terres en raison des inondations causĂ©es par les barrages hydroĂ©lectriques (comme les DĂ©nĂ©s Sayisi ou les Cris de Chemawawin ou que leurs ressources leur sont enlevĂ©es (comme le lac Shoal 40)), est-ce une sorte de «retrait» de leurs terres? Pourquoi ou pourquoi pas? ​


​Enseignants(es) : s’il vous plait envoyez les rĂ©flexions de vos Ă©lĂšves Ă  pensecomme@radio-canada.ca  par le 18 mars 2020.
Click here to open in PDF.​​winnipeg-free-press-Jul-25-1911-p-1.jpg

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